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What is Black Turmeric?

Exploring the Essence of Black Turmeric: From Tradition to Endangerment

Black turmeric, a member of the Zingiberaceae family, has long been celebrated for its medicinal prowess. However, this remarkable plant is now facing a critical status as a critically endangered species, raising concerns about its future existence (Behar et al., 2014; Borah et al., 2020).

Traditionally utilized to combat ailments like asthma, leprosy, and rheumatic pains, black turmeric's aromatic rhizomes, known as "Curcuma caesia," hold spiritual significance in various regions of India (Pandey and Chowdhury, 2003; Kagyung et al., 2010).

Despite its recognized medicinal properties, the increasing demand for black turmeric in various industries, including food, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals, has led to a significant rise in market prices. This demand, coupled with its critical endangered status, underscores the urgent need for conservation efforts (Arya et al., 2022; Lal et al., 2022).

The essential oil extracted from black turmeric is a treasure trove of phytochemicals, making it a sought-after ingredient in pharmaceutical, food, flavor, and cosmetics industries. Its compounds, including curcuminoids and flavonoids, contribute to various medicinal properties such as anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory, and anti-cancerous effects. Additionally, the rhizomes' anthocyanin content makes them valuable to the food, cosmetics, and dye industries (Sarangthem and Haokip, 2010; Schmaus et al., 2006).

Join us on this journey as we explore the multifaceted nature of black turmeric, from its traditional roots to the pressing need for its preservation in the face of endangerment. Stay tuned for updates on our findings and the significance of black turmeric in various industries.

Read more about Black Turmeric:

Benya, A., Mohanty, S., Hota, S., Das, A. P., Rath, C. C., Achary, K. G., & Singh, S. (2023). Endangered Curcuma caesia Roxb.: Qualitative and quantitative analysis for identification of industrially important elite genotypes. Industrial Crops and Products, 195, 116363.

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